Download E-books A History of Modern Computing (History of Computing) PDF

By Paul E. Ceruzzi

This enticing heritage covers glossy computing from the improvement of the 1st digital electronic laptop throughout the dot-com crash. the writer concentrates on 5 key moments of transition: the transformation of the pc within the overdue Nineteen Forties from a really expert medical tool to a advertisement product; the emergence of small structures within the overdue Nineteen Sixties; the start of non-public computing within the Nineteen Seventies; the unfold of networking after 1985; and, in a bankruptcy written for this variation, the interval 1995-2001. the hot fabric specializes in the Microsoft antitrust go well with, the increase and fall of the dot-coms, and the arrival of open resource software program, fairly Linux. in the chronological narrative, the e-book lines a number of overlapping threads: the evolution of the computer's inner layout; the impact of monetary developments and the chilly warfare; the long term position of IBM as a participant and as a objective for upstart marketers; the expansion of software program from a hidden aspect to an enormous personality within the tale of computing; and the ordinary factor of where of knowledge and computing in a democratic society. the focal point is at the usa (though Europe and Japan input the tale at the most important points), on computing in step with se instead of on functions similar to man made intelligence, and on platforms that have been offered commercially and put in in quantities.

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By Paul E. Ceruzzi

This enticing heritage covers glossy computing from the improvement of the 1st digital electronic laptop throughout the dot-com crash. the writer concentrates on 5 key moments of transition: the transformation of the pc within the overdue Nineteen Forties from a really expert medical tool to a advertisement product; the emergence of small structures within the overdue Nineteen Sixties; the start of non-public computing within the Nineteen Seventies; the unfold of networking after 1985; and, in a bankruptcy written for this variation, the interval 1995-2001. the hot fabric specializes in the Microsoft antitrust go well with, the increase and fall of the dot-coms, and the arrival of open resource software program, fairly Linux. in the chronological narrative, the e-book lines a number of overlapping threads: the evolution of the computer's inner layout; the impact of monetary developments and the chilly warfare; the long term position of IBM as a participant and as a objective for upstart marketers; the expansion of software program from a hidden aspect to an enormous personality within the tale of computing; and the ordinary factor of where of knowledge and computing in a democratic society. the focal point is at the usa (though Europe and Japan input the tale at the most important points), on computing in step with se instead of on functions similar to man made intelligence, and on platforms that have been offered commercially and put in in quantities.

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Download E-books Tantra: Sex, Secrecy, Politics, and Power in the Study of Religion PDF

By Hugh B. Urban

A posh physique of spiritual practices that unfold during the Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain traditions; a kind of spirituality that doubtless combines sexuality, sensual excitement, and the total variety of actual adventure with the non secular life—Tantra has held a principal but conflicted position in the Western mind's eye ever because the first "discovery" of Indian religions through ecu students. continually radical, continuously super different, Tantra has confirmed a key consider the imagining of India. This booklet deals a serious account of the way the phenomenon has emerge as.

Tracing the advanced family tree of Tantra as a class in the historical past of religions, Hugh B. city unearths the way it has been shaped in the course of the interaction of renowned and scholarly imaginations. Tantra emerges as a manufactured from mirroring and misrepresentation at paintings among East and West--a dialectical classification born out of the continuing play among Western and Indian minds. Combining old element, textual research, well known cultural phenomena, and significant concept, this publication exhibits Tantra as a moving amalgam of fantasies, fears, and wish-fulfillment, instantly local and different, that moves on the very center of our structures of the unique Orient and the modern West.

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By Hugh B. Urban

A posh physique of spiritual practices that unfold during the Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain traditions; a kind of spirituality that doubtless combines sexuality, sensual excitement, and the total variety of actual adventure with the non secular life—Tantra has held a principal but conflicted position in the Western mind's eye ever because the first "discovery" of Indian religions through ecu students. continually radical, continuously super different, Tantra has confirmed a key consider the imagining of India. This booklet deals a serious account of the way the phenomenon has emerge as.

Tracing the advanced family tree of Tantra as a class in the historical past of religions, Hugh B. city unearths the way it has been shaped in the course of the interaction of renowned and scholarly imaginations. Tantra emerges as a manufactured from mirroring and misrepresentation at paintings among East and West--a dialectical classification born out of the continuing play among Western and Indian minds. Combining old element, textual research, well known cultural phenomena, and significant concept, this publication exhibits Tantra as a moving amalgam of fantasies, fears, and wish-fulfillment, instantly local and different, that moves on the very center of our structures of the unique Orient and the modern West.

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Download E-books What Disease was Plague? (Brill's Series in the History of the Environment) PDF

In fresh many years, choices to the proven bubonic-plague conception were provided as to the microbiologcal id and mechanism(s) of unfold of ancient plague epidemics. during this monograph, the six very important replacement theories are intensively mentioned within the mild of the old resources, the important fundamental stories and conventional works on bubonic plague and the choice microbiological brokers, insofar as they're testable. those seven theories are incompatible and not less than six of them needs to be untenable. within the writer s opinion, the arguments opposed to the bubonic-plague conception and for all replacement theories are untenable. This monograph for this reason additionally has been written additionally as a regular paintings on bubonic plague, giving a wide and in-depth presentation of the scientific, epidemiological and old proof and the methodological tenets for id of old ailments through comparability with sleek scientific knowledge."

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In fresh many years, choices to the proven bubonic-plague conception were provided as to the microbiologcal id and mechanism(s) of unfold of ancient plague epidemics. during this monograph, the six very important replacement theories are intensively mentioned within the mild of the old resources, the important fundamental stories and conventional works on bubonic plague and the choice microbiological brokers, insofar as they're testable. those seven theories are incompatible and not less than six of them needs to be untenable. within the writer s opinion, the arguments opposed to the bubonic-plague conception and for all replacement theories are untenable. This monograph for this reason additionally has been written additionally as a regular paintings on bubonic plague, giving a wide and in-depth presentation of the scientific, epidemiological and old proof and the methodological tenets for id of old ailments through comparability with sleek scientific knowledge."

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Download E-books Return of a King: The Battle for Afghanistan PDF

By William Dalrymple

From the prizewinning historian, a masterly retelling of the 1st Afghan struggle, might be the West's maximum imperial catastrophe within the East: a huge parable of neocolonial ambition and cultural collision, folly, and hubris.

In the spring of 1839, the British invaded Afghanistan for the 1st time. Led by way of lancers in scarlet cloaks and plumed shakos, approximately 20,000 British and East India corporation troops poured throughout the excessive mountain passes and re-established at the throne Shah Shuja ul-Mulk.

On the best way in, the British confronted little resistance. yet after years of career, the Afghan humans rose in solution to the decision for jihad and the rustic exploded into violent uprising. the 1st Anglo-Afghan conflict resulted in Britain's maximum army humiliation of the 19th century: a complete military of the then strongest kingdom on the earth ambushed in retreat and totally routed by means of poorly built tribesmen.

Return of a King is the definitive research of the 1st Afghan battle, instructed in the course of the lives of unforgettable characters on each side and utilizing for the 1st time modern Afghan money owed of the clash, together with an important new fabric in Russian, Urdu and Persian from data in South Asia. Prize-winning and bestselling historian William Dalrymple's masterful retelling of Britain's maximum imperial catastrophe is a strong and demanding parable of colonial ambition and cultural collision, folly and hubris, for our times.

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By William Dalrymple

From the prizewinning historian, a masterly retelling of the 1st Afghan struggle, might be the West's maximum imperial catastrophe within the East: a huge parable of neocolonial ambition and cultural collision, folly, and hubris.

In the spring of 1839, the British invaded Afghanistan for the 1st time. Led by way of lancers in scarlet cloaks and plumed shakos, approximately 20,000 British and East India corporation troops poured throughout the excessive mountain passes and re-established at the throne Shah Shuja ul-Mulk.

On the best way in, the British confronted little resistance. yet after years of career, the Afghan humans rose in solution to the decision for jihad and the rustic exploded into violent uprising. the 1st Anglo-Afghan conflict resulted in Britain's maximum army humiliation of the 19th century: a complete military of the then strongest kingdom on the earth ambushed in retreat and totally routed by means of poorly built tribesmen.

Return of a King is the definitive research of the 1st Afghan battle, instructed in the course of the lives of unforgettable characters on each side and utilizing for the 1st time modern Afghan money owed of the clash, together with an important new fabric in Russian, Urdu and Persian from data in South Asia. Prize-winning and bestselling historian William Dalrymple's masterful retelling of Britain's maximum imperial catastrophe is a strong and demanding parable of colonial ambition and cultural collision, folly and hubris, for our times.

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Download E-books The Story of England PDF

By Michael Wood

Within the tale of britain Michael wooden tells the intense tale of 1 English neighborhood over fifteen centuries, from the instant that the Roman Emperor Honorius despatched his recognized letter in 410 advising the English to seem to their very own defences to the village because it is this day. The village of Kibworth in Leicestershire lies on the very centre of britain. It has a church, a few pubs, the Grand Union Canal, a primary global conflict Memorial - and lots of centuries of recorded historical past. within the 13th century the village was once received by way of William de Merton, who later based Merton university, Oxford, with the end result that files masking 750 years of village background are lodged on the collage. construction in this distinctive archive, and enlisting the aid of the present population of Kibworth, with a village-wide archeological dig, with the 1st whole DNA profile of an English village and with use of neighborhood fabrics like kin memorabilia, the tale of Kibworth is the tale of britain itself, a 'Who Do you think that You Are?' for the whole kingdom. 'Better than any historian for many years, [in looking for England] wooden brings domestic not only the ways that constructions, landscapes and written texts could be learn, however the sensual great thing about encounters with them' TLS Michael wooden was once born and knowledgeable in Manchester. He was once an open pupil in sleek heritage at Oriel collage, Oxford, the place he held a Bishop Fraser scholarship in Medieval heritage as a postgraduate. He has made a couple of across the world profitable television sequence, together with within the Footsteps of Alexander the good, and 4 of his books were united kingdom non-fiction #1 bestsellers. His hugely acclaimed booklet of essays on early English historical past, looking for England, used to be released via Penguin in 1999.

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By Michael Wood

Within the tale of britain Michael wooden tells the intense tale of 1 English neighborhood over fifteen centuries, from the instant that the Roman Emperor Honorius despatched his recognized letter in 410 advising the English to seem to their very own defences to the village because it is this day. The village of Kibworth in Leicestershire lies on the very centre of britain. It has a church, a few pubs, the Grand Union Canal, a primary global conflict Memorial - and lots of centuries of recorded historical past. within the 13th century the village was once received by way of William de Merton, who later based Merton university, Oxford, with the end result that files masking 750 years of village background are lodged on the collage. construction in this distinctive archive, and enlisting the aid of the present population of Kibworth, with a village-wide archeological dig, with the 1st whole DNA profile of an English village and with use of neighborhood fabrics like kin memorabilia, the tale of Kibworth is the tale of britain itself, a 'Who Do you think that You Are?' for the whole kingdom. 'Better than any historian for many years, [in looking for England] wooden brings domestic not only the ways that constructions, landscapes and written texts could be learn, however the sensual great thing about encounters with them' TLS Michael wooden was once born and knowledgeable in Manchester. He was once an open pupil in sleek heritage at Oriel collage, Oxford, the place he held a Bishop Fraser scholarship in Medieval heritage as a postgraduate. He has made a couple of across the world profitable television sequence, together with within the Footsteps of Alexander the good, and 4 of his books were united kingdom non-fiction #1 bestsellers. His hugely acclaimed booklet of essays on early English historical past, looking for England, used to be released via Penguin in 1999.

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Download E-books The Lewis Chessmen: Unmasked PDF

By David H Caldwell

A hoard of ivory chessmen and different gaming items used to be discovered buried at the Isle of Lewis within the early nineteenth century. The items are actually divided among nationwide Museums Scotland and the British Museum, and fascinate all who see them. specialists agree that they're medieval and of Scandinavian foundation. This illustrated party of the hoard appears at its origins, its discovery and, utilizing the talents of a forensic anthropologist, its craftsmanship.

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By David H Caldwell

A hoard of ivory chessmen and different gaming items used to be discovered buried at the Isle of Lewis within the early nineteenth century. The items are actually divided among nationwide Museums Scotland and the British Museum, and fascinate all who see them. specialists agree that they're medieval and of Scandinavian foundation. This illustrated party of the hoard appears at its origins, its discovery and, utilizing the talents of a forensic anthropologist, its craftsmanship.

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Download E-books A Short History of Europe: From Charlemagne to the Treaty of Lisbon PDF

By Gordon Kerr

From the coronation of Charlemagne in 800 to the signing of the Treaty of Lisbon in 2007, an available heritage of the folk, rules, associations, and occasions that experience formed Europe over the last 1,200 years

This fascinating history for beginners provides a coherent map of the jumbled background of Europe and the eu concept that has led up to this element. A continent of numerous disparate peoples, races, and international locations, ruled by way of diverse rules, philosophies, religions, and attitudes, Europe still has a standard thread of background working via it, sewing the lands and peoples of its earlier and current into one cloth and held jointly via the continent’s nice associations: the Church of Rome, the Holy Roman Empire, the eu Union, person monarchies, alternate companies, and social movements. However, humans have always harbored aspirations to make this tremendous territory one. The Romans got here shut and some centuries later, the rules for a very good eu nation have been laid with the construction of the Holy Roman Empire. Napoleon overreached himself in trying to create a European-wide Empire—as did Adolf Hitler. Now, Europe is as shut because it ever has been to being one entity, but Europeans nonetheless dangle to national independence. 

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By Gordon Kerr

From the coronation of Charlemagne in 800 to the signing of the Treaty of Lisbon in 2007, an available heritage of the folk, rules, associations, and occasions that experience formed Europe over the last 1,200 years

This fascinating history for beginners provides a coherent map of the jumbled background of Europe and the eu concept that has led up to this element. A continent of numerous disparate peoples, races, and international locations, ruled by way of diverse rules, philosophies, religions, and attitudes, Europe still has a standard thread of background working via it, sewing the lands and peoples of its earlier and current into one cloth and held jointly via the continent’s nice associations: the Church of Rome, the Holy Roman Empire, the eu Union, person monarchies, alternate companies, and social movements. However, humans have always harbored aspirations to make this tremendous territory one. The Romans got here shut and some centuries later, the rules for a very good eu nation have been laid with the construction of the Holy Roman Empire. Napoleon overreached himself in trying to create a European-wide Empire—as did Adolf Hitler. Now, Europe is as shut because it ever has been to being one entity, but Europeans nonetheless dangle to national independence. 

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Download E-books A History of Argentina in the Twentieth Century PDF

By Luis Alberto Romero

A heritage of Argentina within the 20th Century, initially released in Buenos Aires in 1994, attained prompt prestige as a vintage. Written as an introductory textual content for college scholars and most of the people, it's a profound mirrored image at the "Argentine predicament" and the demanding situations that the rustic faces because it attempts to rebuild democracy. within the publication, Romero painstakingly and brilliantly reconstructs and analyzes Argentina’s tortuous, usually tragic smooth historical past, from the "alluvial society" born of mass immigration, to the dramatic years of Juan and Eva Perón, to the hot interval of army dictatorship and democracy. For this primary English-language variation, Romero has written a brand new bankruptcy masking the last decade of the Nineteen Nineties. an extraordinary publication combining nice erudition with an interesting narrative, it's destined to be the normal English-language heritage of Argentina for a few years to come back.

The son of Argentina’s maximum twentieth-century historian, José Luis Romero, Luis Alberto Romero has emerged as one of many best historians of his iteration in Argentina. Romero’s iteration is one who has witnessed the main dramatic many years of the country’s glossy heritage, the decline of Argentina and its descent into violence, dictatorship, and melancholy, but in addition the hopeful if frequently tough strategy of rebuilding democracy because the mid-1980s. Combining the rigor of the pro historian with a passionate dedication to his country’s destiny, Romero’s paintings is a tremendous contribution to our realizing of 1 of Latin America’s most vital countries. This translation through James Brennan, himself a number one English-speaking historian of Argentina, makes this invaluable ebook on hand to a large readership within the usa and in different places within the world.

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By Luis Alberto Romero

A heritage of Argentina within the 20th Century, initially released in Buenos Aires in 1994, attained prompt prestige as a vintage. Written as an introductory textual content for college scholars and most of the people, it's a profound mirrored image at the "Argentine predicament" and the demanding situations that the rustic faces because it attempts to rebuild democracy. within the publication, Romero painstakingly and brilliantly reconstructs and analyzes Argentina’s tortuous, usually tragic smooth historical past, from the "alluvial society" born of mass immigration, to the dramatic years of Juan and Eva Perón, to the hot interval of army dictatorship and democracy. For this primary English-language variation, Romero has written a brand new bankruptcy masking the last decade of the Nineteen Nineties. an extraordinary publication combining nice erudition with an interesting narrative, it's destined to be the normal English-language heritage of Argentina for a few years to come back.

The son of Argentina’s maximum twentieth-century historian, José Luis Romero, Luis Alberto Romero has emerged as one of many best historians of his iteration in Argentina. Romero’s iteration is one who has witnessed the main dramatic many years of the country’s glossy heritage, the decline of Argentina and its descent into violence, dictatorship, and melancholy, but in addition the hopeful if frequently tough strategy of rebuilding democracy because the mid-1980s. Combining the rigor of the pro historian with a passionate dedication to his country’s destiny, Romero’s paintings is a tremendous contribution to our realizing of 1 of Latin America’s most vital countries. This translation through James Brennan, himself a number one English-speaking historian of Argentina, makes this invaluable ebook on hand to a large readership within the usa and in different places within the world.

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Download E-books Indigo: In Search of the Color That Seduced the World PDF

By Catherine E. McKinley

Brimming with wealthy, electrifying stories of the valuable dye and its historic background, Indigo is additionally the tale of a private quest: Catherine McKinley is the descendant of a extended family of Scots who wore indigo tartan; Jewish "rag traders"; a Massachusetts cloth manufacturing facility proprietor; and African slaves―her ancestors have been traded alongside an identical Saharan routes as indigo, the place a size of blue cotton may well buy human existence. McKinley's trip looking for good looks and her personal historical past leads her to the West African girls who dye, exchange, and put on indigo―women who unwittingly educate her that buried deep within the folds in their cloths is all of future and the human story.

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By Catherine E. McKinley

Brimming with wealthy, electrifying stories of the valuable dye and its historic background, Indigo is additionally the tale of a private quest: Catherine McKinley is the descendant of a extended family of Scots who wore indigo tartan; Jewish "rag traders"; a Massachusetts cloth manufacturing facility proprietor; and African slaves―her ancestors have been traded alongside an identical Saharan routes as indigo, the place a size of blue cotton may well buy human existence. McKinley's trip looking for good looks and her personal historical past leads her to the West African girls who dye, exchange, and put on indigo―women who unwittingly educate her that buried deep within the folds in their cloths is all of future and the human story.

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Download E-books The Age of Voltaire: A History of Civilization in Western Europe from 1715 to 1756, with Special Emphasis on the Conflict between Religion and Philosophy (The Story of Civilization IX) PDF

By Will Durant

The Age of Voltaire, the 9th quantity of the tale of Civilization, is an in-depth exam of France and England within the first 1/2 the eighteenth century. during this masterful paintings, listeners will stumble upon the English principles that encouraged the Enlightenment in France; the salons of Paris, the place the wits and thinkers of all Europe amassed to interchange rules; the philosophes-- intellectuals and artists who consulted with kings and queens; Voltaire himself, the incarnation of the Enlightenment; Mme. Pompadour, who seduced Louis XV and during him prompted French coverage; the Augustan Age in English literature; and the turning out to be parasitism of the aristocracy and emerging strength of the industrial type.

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By Will Durant

The Age of Voltaire, the 9th quantity of the tale of Civilization, is an in-depth exam of France and England within the first 1/2 the eighteenth century. during this masterful paintings, listeners will stumble upon the English principles that encouraged the Enlightenment in France; the salons of Paris, the place the wits and thinkers of all Europe amassed to interchange rules; the philosophes-- intellectuals and artists who consulted with kings and queens; Voltaire himself, the incarnation of the Enlightenment; Mme. Pompadour, who seduced Louis XV and during him prompted French coverage; the Augustan Age in English literature; and the turning out to be parasitism of the aristocracy and emerging strength of the industrial type.

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